On Earth, human activities are changing the natural greenhouse.
Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
On 5th March 1990, an invention was filed under artificial satellites by a Japanese inventor named Takeo Nakagawa.
This invention relates to an apparatus, an artificial satellite in space, to face the earth, projects a solar ray shadow portion to the specific area of the earth, controls the weather and generates nature artificially and locally by solar ray power generation and protects the earth environment.
The Japanese inventor stated the problems of the earth environment such as warming of the earth, destruction of the ozone layer, acid rain, forest degradation, desertification, food problems, and the like, which have become increasingly severe resulting from the drastic increase in the consumption of the fossil fuel as a result of the drastic increase in the world population in this century.
He predicted, the problems, if left uncorrected, will become more critical and global in and after the 21st century.
We are in the 21st century, and the effects of rising global temperature and climate change are huge and becoming very critical.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), recently celebrated their 25th anniversary, Patricia Espinosa, UN Climate Change Executive Secretary said,
“While we’ve made enormous progress in 25 years, the world is still running behind climate change. Today, the urgency to address climate change has never been greater. But because of the work begun 25 years ago, we are also better coordinated to take it on. We have the Paris Agreement, and we have the guidelines strengthening that agreement. What we need now are results.”
NASA monitors the climate change and provides the data to the public and the scientific community in the belief that their wide dissemination will lead to greater understanding and new scientific insights.
The planet’s average surface temperature has risen about 1.62 degrees Fahrenheit (0.9 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere. Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with the five warmest years on record taking place since 2010.
Data from NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment show Greenland lost an average of 286 billion tons of ice per year between 1993 and 2016, while Antarctica lost about 127 billion tons of ice per year during the same time period. The rate of Antarctica ice mass loss has tripled in the last decade.
Over the last century the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2).
The 20th century observed the expansion of the world’s population and increase in human activities, at a global scale. The trend of the deterioration of the global environment which is predicted to lead to a crisis situation more and more serious in the near future.
Yes, Climate Change is real, but so are the efforts of the global research community and government institutions to combat climate change.
Some of the top contributors to climate change and global warming are water management, greenhouse gases, transportation and production of goods.
The worldwide research and innovation community is focussing on these areas to provide technologies and applications to efficiently handle each of the top contributors.